Probably the most well-known flying dinosaur, the Pterodactyl is not actually a dinosaur at all, but a distant cousin called Pterosaur! Pterosaurs were airborne reptiles of the late Jurassic period, and therefore are frequently associated with dinosaurs in the popular imagination. Pterodactyl used to soar through the pre-historic skies of what is now Europe and northern Africa.
Top 10 by Length
Diplodocus - 33 meters
iplodocus was a long-necked, whip-tailed giant, measuring about 90 feet (27 m) long with a 26 foot (8 m) long neck and a 45 foot (14 m) long tail, but its head was less than 2 feet long. It was among the longest land animals ever. Its nostrils were at the top of its head and it had peg-like teeth, but only in the front of the jaws. Its front legs were shorter than its back legs, and all had elephant-like, five-toed feet. One toe on each foot had a thumb claw, probably for protection. A fossilized Diplodocus skin impression reveals that it had a row of spines running down its back. Diplodocus was more lightly built than the other giant sauropods, and may have weighed only about 10-20 tons. Its backbone had extra bones underneath it, which had bony protrusions running both forwards and backwards (anvil shaped), a “double-beam”, probably for support and extra mobility of its neck and tail. It may have used its whip-like tail for protection. A recent Diplodocus skin impression was found, showing a row of spines running down the back. It has been determined that Diplodocus (and the other diplodocid sauropods, like Apatosaurus) could not hold their necks over about 17 feet (5.4 m) off the ground (Parrish and Stevens,1999). Gastralia (hanging belly ribs) are thin, fragile ribs that helped support and protect the internal organs (like the lungs) in the middle area of the body. These ribs were not attached to the backbone; they were attached to the skin in the belly area. It used to be thought that the sauropods (like Diplodocus, Brachiosaurus and Apatosaurus) and Stegosaurus had a second brain. Paleontologists now think that what they thought was a second brain was just an enlargement in the spinal cord in the hip area. This enlargement was larger than the animal’s tiny brain. Diplodocus was a sauropod, whose intelligence was the among the lowest of the dinosaurs.
Giraffatitan - 26 meters
Giraffatitan is a genus of sauropod dinosaur that lived during the late Jurassic Period. It was originally named as an African species of Brachiosaurus, but […]
Spinosaurus - 18 meters
Spinosaurus was among the biggest and the largest of all known carnivorous dinosaurs, bigger than other theropods such as Tyrannosaurus, Giganotosaurus and Carcharodontosaurus.
Ichthyosaurs - 14 meters
ik·thee·uh·saw·ruhsik·thee·uh·saw·ruhsIchthyosaurs were reptiles that were strong swimmers fully adapted to life in the seas. They were better adapted than any other reptiles, although they still […]
Carcharodontosaurus - 14 meters
The Carcharodontosaurus is a large therapod dinosaur from Egypt and exactly found at the place where Spinosaurus and they often got in fight for territory […]
Giganotosaurus - 14 meters
Giganotosaurus is a genus of theropod dinosaur that lived in what is now Argentina, during the early Cenomanian age of the Late Cretaceous period, approximately […]
Tyrannosaurus Rex - 12.80 meters
The T-Rex roamed on this earth in the late Cretaceous era, 68-66 million years ago. Its fossils were found in Canada & USA. It weighed 7000kg and used to be 6m tall.
Acrocanthosaurus - 12 meters
Acrocanthosaurus is a genus of theropod dinosaur that existed in what is now North America during the Aptian and early Albian stages of the Early Cretaceous. Like most dinosaur genera, Acrocanthosaurus contains only a single species, A. atokensis.
Dsungaripterus - 12 meters
Dsungaripterus was a pterosaur with 10 feet (3 m) wide leathery wings. It had an unusual bony crest running along its snout and had long, narrow, curved jaws with a pointed tip. It had flat teeth at the back of the jaws, probably for crushing the shells of its prey. It was not a dinosaur, but a type of extinct, flying reptile. They were lightly built with hollow bones, long, curved necks, long skulls, and small bodies. They had large brains and good eyesight.